Combination to Oily Blemished Skin

Oily skin generally has a thicker texture, dilated pores, and a dull, greasy and shiny appearance. This appearance is due to excess sebum, which promotes the development of skin blemishes such as “blackheads” and “pimples”.

For combination skin, blemishes are usually located on the T-zone: the forehead, nose and chin. The rest of the face and body may have normal or even dry skin. Combination skin is imbalanced and easily damaged.

What causes acne?

Acne is an inflammatory skin condition affecting the pilo-sebaceous follicle. Three related factors are responsible for acne: 

Too much sebum pore
Hyperseborrhoea This is an excess production of sebum resulting from hormonal activity triggered during puberty. The skin becomes oily and shiny. In addition, there is a risk of a qualitative sebum abnormality, meaning that sebum composition of an oily or combination skin type differs from that of healthy sebum. It is thicker and has a more difficult time flowing out of the follicle, which increases the risk of the follicle becoming blocked.
Clogged pore
Hyperkeratinisation This is the excessive multiplication of skin cells within the follicle duct wall which in turn clogs the pore and keeps sebum from evacuating. This causes comedones to appear. Comodones are small skin wheals and are referred to as open comedones and closed comedones. Open comedones are more commonly referred to as blackheads and have a black centre where the pore is open causing the melanin mixed in sebum to oxidize. Closed comedones are usually skin-coloured where the pore is completely blocked and known as milia, whiteheads or microcysts.
Inflamed pore
Bacterial multiplication Sebum is an ideal nutrient medium for certain bacteria, particularly Propionibacterium acnes. P. acnes are naturally present on everyones skin but in acne cases will multiply in the pilo-sebaceous follicle and cause inflammation. The comedone then turns into a painful red pimple called a papule (inflammatory lesion).

What are the various types of skin blemishes?

Acne has several types of lesions, often with increased seborrhoea (called hyperseborrhoea).

The condition lasts several years, with inflammatory flare-ups, as long as the retentional lesions (comedones) persist.

Comedonal lesions Closed comedones: whiteheads, milia or microcysts,
Open comedones: blackheads, and sometimes larger cysts (more than 5 millimetres) called macrocysts.
Inflammatory lesions Inflamed lesions: papules, pustules and nodules due to comedonal lesion inflammation.
Relief scar
Scars from possible lesions Hyperpigmented spots caused by inflammation. This can affect all acne sufferers however more prevalent on asian and darker skin types.

In rare cases, acne can affect newborns — due to the mother’s androgen hormones — or older infants. Acne most commonly occurs during adolescence. It takes on a polymorphic aspect that combines the different types of lesions.
The condition generally begins around the ages of 12 to 14 years and affects the oiliest areas of the skin such as the face, and often the chest and back to a variable degree. Acne is caused by an imbalance in hormonal secretions during puberty.

In women, particularly after the age of 30, acne appears more on the lower face (jaw) and neck. There is often a hormonal component added to the traditional causes of acne.

Mother and daughter sitting and together

What are the lifestyle factors that can cause acne?

The factors that promote the appearance of acne in adulthood are:

External factors unsuitable cosmetics, sun, diet, etc.
Smoking also promotes this phenomenon: over 41% of smokers have acne versus 9% of non-smokers.
Genetics may also play a role. Indeed, when there is a family history, it is common to see this type of skin problem appear in adulthood.
Some medicated treatments such as contraceptives, hormones and anti-depressants can cause pimples and other blemishes to appear.

Unlike an adolescent’s skin, the skin of an adult woman is less seborrhoeic, meaning that it produces less sebum.

Blemishes are mainly located on the lower face (chin, neck and lower jaw). They are chronic and recurring inflammatory (pimples) and comedonal (blackheads) lesions. To correct these skin problems, it is necessary to use appropriate treatments, which are not the same as those used for adolescent acne.

    Did you know?

    Problems with skin blemishes:

    • 50% of women over the age of 25 have problems with skin blemishes. 
    • 40% of these women did not have acne in adolescence.

    • Strictly follow the treatment

    Acne treatments don’t work the first time they are applied so you must be patient. However, you will see results quite quickly if you stick with your programme every day: cleansing tailored to acne-prone skin + medicated treatment morning and night. Depending on the person and the type of acne, a sharp improvement is generally observed after 4 to 6 weeks. Sometimes, depending on the severity of the acne, a medicated treatment may also be included in the skincare routine. Always follow the advice of your doctor.

    • Avoid the sun

    It’s true that it may dry out your spots and hide your blemishes through tanning, making your skin look clearer and smoother. But it will amplify your blemishes (or comedones) later by increasing the thickness of the horny layer, which promotes the retention of cells and sebum in the pilo-sebaceous follicle. This increase in the number of comedones inevitably triggers significant blemish eruptions as soon as the tan fades. To avoid this rebound effect, protect your skin with a specific SPF 30 photoprotection product. Opt for non-greasy sprays or fluid textures made for oily or acne-prone skin.

    • Don’t touch your blemishes

    The more you handle spots, the more you will aggravate the inflammation (increase the number and size of pimples), the more likely it is that these spots will become pustular (pimples with pus) and the higher the risk of scars appearing. 

    Woman taking medication

    Daily cleansing of the skin is essential, even if you don’t wear makeup. Cleansing in the evening removes dirt particles, pollutants and all kinds of other residue that settles on the skin throughout the day however it is just as important to cleanse each morning as welll.

    Be sure to use non-aggressive cleansing products that do not strip the skin or alter lipids in the hydrolipidic film or horny layer. Micellar waters can also work very well for cleansing oily skin.

    Woman with acne-prone skin cleaning her face

    Once to twice a day, delicately apply a targeted treatment to your blemishes, using products from a dermo-cosmetic range created for oily, blemish-prone skin.

    • If you are taking a local or oral dermatological treatment that dries out your skin, you should apply a complementary treatment on a daily basis in order to nourish and moisturise your skin and lips. Non-comedogenic correctors, BB creams and foundations can also help you hide imperfections without hindering your daily skincare efforts. Facial scrubs may be used once or twice a week in the event that you are not already using an associated medicated treatment, as these generally already exfoliate skin.
    • If you are using a medicated product prescribed by your doctor, apply it regularly according to the directions.
    Woman with acne-prone skin looking in a mirror